Managerial training and consulting are popular programs used to promote the growth of individuals and businesses. It is unclear, however, whether businesses actually apply what they learned in training, and whether applying the lessons translates into higher profits. IPA has worked with researchers on multiple research studies that aim to identify if and how training, consulting, and mentoring programs can sustainably improve business performance.

Youth unemployment and underemployment are pressing policy challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa and job-training programs have not proven to be effective (or cost-effective) at improving youth labor...

Compared to their counterparts in high-income countries, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in low-and-middle-income countries, are often less productive, grow slower, and hire fewer workers.

Millions of people make their living running microenterprises, but these businesses typically fail to expand or provide more than subsistence-level income to their owners.