As of 2013, 35 million people were living with HIV, of which 70 percent were living in Sub-Saharan Africa. IPA's research on this topic evaluates interventions that prevent HIV/AIDS transmission through social learning, providing sexual and reproductive health advice, and incentivizing HIV testing.

In Sub-Saharan Africa, about 1.8 million people became infected with the HIV virus in 2011, with the majority of new cases attributed to unprotected sex.

Research has shown that HIV/AIDS impacts not only the health of infected individuals, but also their financial security, and the financial security of their households, often aggravating existing...

Rates of unwanted births and unmet demand for contraception remain high in many countries where men report larger ideal family sizes than their wives.