Eric Verhoogen is a Scientific Advisor for IPA's Entrepreneurship & Private Sector Development Program. He is a Professor in the Department of Economics and School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University. His main research area is industrial development—firms, innovation, productivity, trade, industrial policy, and labor markets in developing countries. A number of his papers have been concerned with the process of quality upgrading—why and how firms raise quality when they sell to richer countries, and the consequences for labor and other input markets. Recently Eric has been working on technology adoption and productivity estimation, among other topics.