The Ministry of Health Uganda, is a government body set up with the mandate of policy formulation and policy dialogue with Health Development Partners, resource mobilization and budgeting, strategic planning, regulation, advising other ministries on health matters, setting standards and quality assurance, capacity development and technical support, provision of nationally coordinated services such as epidemic control, coordination of health research and monitoring and evaluation of the overall sector performance.

Some functions have been delegated to national autonomous institutions including some specialized clinical support functions (Uganda Blood Transfusion Service (UBTS), National Medical Stores and National Public Health Laboratories), regulatory functions (handled by professional councils, National Drug Authority and other regulatory bodies) and research activities conducted by several research institutions and coordinated by the autonomous Uganda National Health Research Organization (UNHRO). 

A healthy and productive population that contributes to socio-economic growth and national development.

To provide the highest possible level of health services to all people in Uganda through delivery of promotive, preventive, curative, palliative and rehabilitative health services at all levels.